After Jesus had finished instructing his twelve disciples, he went on from there to teach and preach in the towns of Galilee.
2 When John, who was in prison, heard about the deeds of the Messiah, he sent his disciples 3 to ask him, “Are you the one who is to come, or should we expect someone else?”
4 Jesus replied, “Go back and report to John what you hear and see:5 The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is proclaimed to the poor. 6 Blessed is anyone who does not stumble on account of me.”
7 As John’s disciples were leaving, Jesus began to speak to the crowd about John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed swayed by the wind? 8 If not, what did you go out to see? A man dressed in fine clothes? No, those who wear fine clothes are in kings’ palaces.9 Then what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. 10 This is the one about whom it is written:
“‘I will send my messenger ahead of you,
who will prepare your way before you.’
11 Truly I tell you, among those born of women there has not risen anyone greater than John the Baptist; yet whoever is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. 12 From the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven has been subjected to violence, and violent people have been raiding it. 13 For all the Prophets and the Law prophesied until John. 14 And if you are willing to accept it, he is the Elijah who was to come. 15 Whoever has ears, let them hear.
16 “To what can I compare this generation? They are like children sitting in the marketplaces and calling out to others:
17 “‘We played the pipe for you,
and you did not dance;
we sang a dirge,
and you did not mourn.’
18 For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon.’ 19 The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Here is a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners.’ But wisdom is proved right by her deeds.”
20 Then Jesus began to denounce the towns in which most of his miracles had been performed, because they did not repent. 21 “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 22 But I tell you, it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon on the day of judgment than for you.23 And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted to the heavens? No, you will go down to Hades.[e] For if the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Sodom, it would have remained to this day. 24 But I tell you that it will be more bearable for Sodom on the day of judgment than for you.”
25 At that time Jesus said, “I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children. 26 Yes, Father, for this is what you were pleased to do.
27 “All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.
28 “Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For my yoke is easy and my burden is light.”
One of the beautiful things about Jesus is that he can be many things to many people. For example, I have a friend who taps into the mystical side of Jesus and is a big believer in the laying on of hands to heal sickness in Jesus’ name. I feel awkward doing that, but by no means do I think she is wrong or weird to do so – that’s her Jesus. At least at this time in my life (who knows what will change down the road), I’m more interested in finding the humanity in Jesus. He’s a BFD, like, the BFD, and I find that overwhelming sometimes. I in no way want to downplay his divinity, but I just find his human side easier to identify with. All this to say, I often read the Bible, especially the New Testament, searching for little tidbits that speak to the living, breathing person being written about. The one who got hungry, and tired, and annoyed, who had friends with whom to share joys and sorrows, who doubted, and who may have been a little bit like me.
This chapter doesn’t speak so much to Jesus’ humanity as to John the Baptist’s, which really struck me, because he’s another I’ve always thought of “more than” me. Jesus even says in this chapter “there has not risen anyone higher than John the Baptist.” (11:11) Yet Jesus also says “he who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he [John the Baptist].” Just to be clear, Jesus isn’t trashing John, its just that John is part of the old covenant, and Jesus ushers in a new covenant with God. And this passage is all about Jesus conveying that message to what must have been a worried John.
As the beginning of the chapter informs us, John is in prison at the time of this event. It gets into the details of why elsewhere, but basically he was saying stuff about the king’s wife that they didn’t like. He’s in jail because he displeased the king. His whole mission has been to prepare the way for one greater than him, and here he is, stuck in prison. He knows Jesus is out there (he’s already baptized him), and he suspects Jesus is the one for whom he was preparing. If I were John, I’d be suffering a moment of doubt right now. Out there is the person who is supposed to usher in a new age, change the world, and here John is, the main messenger of the age, languishing in prison. What thoughts might have been going through his head, with all that time to just sit and think in a dreary cell. “Is Jesus actually the Messiah? Has all my work been for nothing? Why am I still stuck here? Is there more I need to do? How will I do it from here? Did I understand God right?”
So John sends his disciples to straight up ask Jesus if he is the one they’ve all been waiting for. And Jesus whole response is an acknowledgement of John’s job well done to completion. First, Jesus addresses John (through his disciples) directly. To paraphrase 11:4-6: “Look at all these miracles, dude. Don’t lose faith.” Jesus is recognizing John may be feeling a little discouraged right now and bolstering him.
Then, as John’s people were leaving, Jesus turns to the crowd. This next section of Jesus’ speech seems to speak not only to the crowd, but to John. “What did you go out in the desert to see?” He asks both parties in 11:7, “A prophet?” For the crowd, that means John the Baptist. For John, I think it means Jesus. Then, Jesus publicly affirms John’s importance, within earshot of John’s disciples. “I will send my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way before you,” Jesus quotes from Malachi. I love that quote. It acknowledges both John’s and his own importance, and I think it is a quote John would appreciate hearing.
Most of the rest of the chapter can be read as giving John validation and closure. Again, Jesus isn’t knocking John’s work saying those in the kingdom of heaven are more important, he’s saying “look, the old order is over. You’ve done it, you’ve brought it to a close. Now I’m here to start the new one.” He calls John the new Elijah (11:14, and high praise), and denounces those who didn’t listen to him (11:18), and calls woe unto the cities that don’t repent. John was all about repentance, and I like to think it’s Jesus way of not only speaking to the crowd, but conveying a special message to John, one that basically says, “You did all you could, buddy. Some people just don’t get it, and it’s not on you.”
Jesus closes by praising God and offering a sweet, gentle, comforting invitation to follow him. Of course those words are for us, but could they also be especially for John? Why not? “Come to me, all you who are burdened, and I will give you rest.” (11:29) Start to finish, this was a message for John.
And I can only imagine how John must have felt receiving it. Here he was, worry, worry, worrying in his cell, and Jesus sends him an answer to all his questions, asked and unasked. I’m here. You did it. You may rest. If this isn’t an example of Jesus’ love then I don’t know what is. I find it comforting as well, to know that Jesus loves us just this much, if not even more so.